Anti-addiction and Pain Control Drugs; Deafness Treatment, Lung Cancer Predictor, Circumcision Decision, Weight Loss Surgery, Cellular Respiration, Female Sexual Dysfunction, X Chromosome Dysfunctions, and how Bacteria Communicate with each other

April 20, 2009 at 9:00 pm | Posted in Medical | 1 Comment

Medical MondayResearch Review Report Edition

This is the second of three articles for Moose’s Medical Monday, April 20th 2009

Ohio Ohio – Home Tooth Bleaching Slightly Reduces Enamel Strength:

Minnesota Researchers maybe discover why cancer affects some smokers and not others:

University of Minnesota -“Smoking leads to lung cancer, but there are about 60 possible carcinogens in tobacco smoke, and the more accurately we can identify the culprit, the better we will become at predicting risk”

Rhode Island Rhode Island – With anti-addiction pill, ‘no urge, no craving’:

a pill called naltrexone. It’s part of a new generation of anti-addiction drugs that may turn the world of rehab on its head.

Dr. Mark Willenbring, who oversees scientific research at the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, says alcoholism has reached a point similar to one depression reached 30 years ago — when the development of Prozac and other antidepressants took mental health care out of the asylum and put it in homes and doctors’ offices.

“There will be a ‘Prozac moment,’ ” Willenbring says, “when primary care doctors start handling functional alcoholics.”

Massachusetts Nerve Block Could Revolutionize Pain Control:

“Researchers at Children’s Hospital Boston have developed a slow-release anesthetic drug-delivery system that could potentially revolutionize treatment of pain during and after surgery, and may also have a large impact on chronic pain management”.

United Kingdom Blind to be cured with stem cells:

BRITISH scientists have developed the world’s first stem cell therapy to cure the most common cause of blindness. Surgeons predict it will become a routine, one-hour procedure that will be generally available in six or seven years’ time.

The treatment involves replacing a layer of degenerated cells with new ones created from embryonic stem cells. It was pioneered by scientists and surgeons from the Institute of Ophthalmology at University College London and Moorfields eye hospital.

This week Pfizer, the world’s largest pharmaceutical research company, will announce its financial backing to bring the therapy to patients.

Israel Lack Of Key Molecule Leads To Deafness:

The era of the hearing aid, and shouting at aging in-laws, may soon be over. A new study by a geneticist and hearing loss expert at Tel Aviv University has uncovered one of the root causes of deafness.

Prof. Karen Avraham of the Department of Human Molecular Genetics, Sackler School of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, has discovered that microRNAs, tiny molecules that regulate cell functions, help us hear. Found in “hair” cells of the ear, this discovery opens an entirely new window for possible treatments, and a cure for all types of deafness, age-related or genetic.

Banana with tip cut offSouth Africa Male Circumcision Reduces HIV Risk: No Further Evidence Needed, According To South Africa Review:

“Circumcision may help to protect against HIV by removing cells in the foreskin to which the virus is specifically attracted. Called Langerhans cells, they display receptors that enable HIV entry”.

United Kingdom Weight-Loss Surgery Works Even For Moderately Obese :

“Until recently, only people with severe obesity — with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40 — were considered for bariatric surgery,” said review author Jill Colquitt, Ph.D.

But studies, such as those included in this review, now examine the effects of surgery on people with a BMI of 30 to 40 who have diseases such as type 2 diabetes or hypertension that potentially could improve

Sweden Key Protein In Cellular Respiration Discovered:

“Many diseases derive from problems with cellular respiration, the process through which cells extract energy from nutrients. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have now discovered a new function for a protein in the mitochondrion – popularly called the cell’s power station – that plays a key part in cell respiration”.

Pink PillsUnited States Male Impotence Drugs Show Promise For Treating Female Sexual Disorders, Study Suggests:

“New studies indicate the three drugs used to treat male impotence also appear to work in females, albeit a little differently, and should give the scientific community pause to take a second look at their potential in the 40 percent of women who report sexual dysfunction”.

World Learning Disabilities In Males: Nine New X Chromosome Genes Linked To Learning Disabilities:

“A collaboration between more than 70 researchers across the globe has uncovered nine new genes on the X chromosome that, when knocked-out, lead to learning disabilities. The international team studied almost all X chromosome genes in 208 families with learning disabilities – the largest screen of this type ever reported”.

TED talk:Bonnie Bassler: The secret, social lives of bacteria:

“Bonnie Bassler discovered that bacteria “talk” to each other, using a chemical language that lets them coordinate defense and mount attacks. The find has stunning implications for medicine, industry — and our understanding of ourselves”.

Previous Medical News:


1 Comment »

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  1. hi,
    I think you are doing human trials, at least with children (see the web cordbloodregistry –>> ).
    In this blog you can also stay informed on human trials.

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